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Liberating Language

Liberating Language

Sites of Rhetorical Education in Nineteenth-Century Black America

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Shirley Wilson Logan


Paperback (Other formats: E-book)
198 pages, 6 x 9


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About the Book

Liberating Language identifies experiences of nineteenth-century African Americans—categorized as sites of rhetorical education—that provided opportunities to develop effective communication and critical text-interpretation skills. Author Shirley Wilson Logan considers how nontraditional sites, which seldom involved formal training in rhetorical instruction, proved to be effective resources for African American advancement.

Logan traces the ways that African Americans learned lessons in rhetoric through language-based activities associated with black survival in nineteenth-century America, such as working in political organizations, reading and publishing newspapers, maintaining diaries, and participating in literary societies. According to Logan, rhetorical training was manifested through places of worship and military camps, self-education in oratory and elocution, literary societies, and the black press. She draws on the experiences of various black rhetors of the era, such as

Frederick Douglass, Frances Harper, Fanny Coppin, Charles Chesnutt, Ida B. Wells, and the lesser-known Oberlin-educated Mary Virginia Montgomery, Virginia slave preacher "Uncle Jack," and former slave "Mrs. Lee."

Liberating Language addresses free-floating literacy, a term coined by scholar and writer Ralph Ellison, which captures the many settings where literacy and rhetorical skills were acquired and developed, including slave missions, religious gatherings, war camps, and even cigar factories. In Civil War camp- sites, for instance, black soldiers learned to read and write, corresponded with the editors of black newspapers, edited their own camp-based papers, and formed literary associations.

Liberating Language outlines nontraditional means of acquiring rhetorical skills and demonstrates how African Americans, faced with the lingering consequences of enslavement and continuing oppression, acquired rhetorical competence during the late eighteenth century and throughout the nineteenth century.


Shirley Wilson Logan, an associate professor of English at the University of Maryland, is the author of We Are Coming: The Persuasive Discourse of Nineteenth-Century Black Women, editor of With Pen and Voice: A Critical Anthology of Nineteenth-Century African-American Women, and coeditor of Southern Illinois University Press's Studies in Rhetorics and Feminisms series.


"Liberating Language is an outstanding work that will make a significant contribution in the fields of rhetoric and composition. Logan's archival work is truly impressive." —Jacqueline Bacon, author of The Humblest May Stand Forth: Rhetoric, Empowerment, and Abolition